Tache Brumărescu

Dumitru (Tache) Brumărescu (1872, Vălenii de Munte - 1925 or 1937, Bucharest), designed and built the first aircraft vertically taking off in the world which flew on May 27, 1911.

During his lifetime, Tache Brumărescu had around 150 inventions, and participated in Romania's General Exhibitions in 1904 and 1906. One of those inventions was an unusual airplane, named helicopter-airplane, actually the world's first airplane with vertical takeoff, patented in 1909 (Patent no. 02218). The airplane was a mono-motor biplane, which had three propellers: one tractive, one propulsive, and a horizontal one for sustentation. His airplane model was exhibited at the Paris Air Show in 1910, near the Henri Coandă's jet powered aircraft.

A year later he managed to buy an Gnome-Rhone 50 HP engine and learned to fly an aircraft. The first and only flight made by Columba (the name of his airplane) took place on 27 May 1911 at Bucharest, on the Cotroceni field. The aircraft rose to a height of 6 m and flew a distance of approximately 80 meters. During the flight he noticed the airplane was loosing its balance and decided to land, but the sudden maneuver resulted in a crash. The propeller broke, the engine was blocked, and he was injured at one leg. The accident marked the end of his aviation experiments.

Other notable inventions of Brumărescu were: a rescue system for submarines (pattented in France in 1911), the automatically coupling system for railway wagons, a skid-car, and the reed cutter.