Cetatea Chioarului

Cetate, former Cetatea Chioarului (Magyar: Kővár), is located in Berchezoaia village, Remetea Chioarului commune, Maramureş County, Romania.


Political and military centre of Chioar, "Cetatea de Piatră" (the Stone Stronghold) was raised in the 13th century (but mentioned only in 1319 as Cheewar), on an isolated hill at a bend of the river Lăpuş. The stronghold is situated at 400 m altitude, on the saddle of a hill surrounded by the waters of the Lăpuş which make at the hill foot a strait among the rocks.


It was attested again after 1372, in an undated document, as a Royal citadel. In 1378, the stronghold was donated to the voievodes Balc and Drag, and to their brother Ioan, the descendants of voievode Dragoş from Maramureş, who kept it until the last representative of the family died (1555).


Between 1599 and 1600, the stronghold and the domain were handed over to Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave) who unified the Romanian Principalities. This is when Chioar became a district (part of a comitat (county)) with certain autonomy.


After 1662, Mihai Teleki was nominated captain of the Stronghold Chioar; later on, his family extended its influence over the whole region. By the end of the century, Rákoczi’s revolt spreads over Transylvania and the inhabitants of Chioar take the opportunity to rise against Teleki. After the Satu Mare Peace (1711), the Austrian nobiliary authorities decided the demolishment of the Chioar Stronghold in order to prevent the anti-Habsburg forces from regrouping, and it was blown up in 1718.

From The Castles Catalog. Images from Castele si cetati din Europa.

20 comments:

Unknown said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com
Please contact us for your secure and unsecured Loan at an Interest rate of 1.00%, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com

Unknown said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com
Please contact us for your secure and unsecured Loan at an Interest rate of 1.00%, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com

Unknown said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com
Please contact us for your secure and unsecured Loan at an Interest rate of 1.00%, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com

David johnson said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: bdsfn.com@gmail.com , johnsondav23@gmail.com, bdsfn.com@gmail.com

Hidayah Factors said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

WE OFFER ALL KIND OF LOANS - APPLY FOR AFFORDABLE LOANS.
Do you need Financial Assistance? We can help you
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

Hidayah Factors said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

WE OFFER ALL KIND OF LOANS - APPLY FOR AFFORDABLE LOANS.
Do you need Financial Assistance? We can help you
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

Hidayah Factors said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

WE OFFER ALL KIND OF LOANS - APPLY FOR AFFORDABLE LOANS.
Do you need Financial Assistance? We can help you
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%
Please, contact us for more information: hidayahfactor@gmail.com

Bdsfn Sfcompany said...

Good Day Dear Loan Seeker,

Do you need an urgent financial credit ***? * Very fast and direct transfer to your bank account * Repayment starts eight months after you get the money bank account * Low interest rate of 1% * Long-term repayment (1-30 years) Height * Flexible ***then monthly payment *. How long will it be financed? After submitting the application *** You can expect a preliminary answer less than 24 hours funding in 72-96 hours after receiving the information they need yours.

If you are interested contact us via: bdsfn.com@gmail.com and fill out the below loan application form.

Loan application form:
Full Name:....................
Country:.....................
State:..............
City:..............
Sex:.........................
Phone Number:...........
Loan Amount :...........
Monthly income:..........
Occupation:................... ....
Loan Period:....................... ................
Purpose of Loan:......................... ...........
E-mail address:...................... ................
Have You Applied Before?....................

We awaits your urgent application form to be filled ok. Email Us: (bdsfn.com@gmail.com)

With Best Regards.
Mrs. Pranchment Dura
Emaill Address:bdsfn.com@gmail.com

Bdsfn Sfcompany said...

Good Day Dear Loan Seeker,

Do you need an urgent financial credit ***? * Very fast and direct transfer to your bank account * Repayment starts eight months after you get the money bank account * Low interest rate of 1% * Long-term repayment (1-30 years) Height * Flexible ***then monthly payment *. How long will it be financed? After submitting the application *** You can expect a preliminary answer less than 24 hours funding in 72-96 hours after receiving the information they need yours.

If you are interested contact us via: bdsfn.com@gmail.com and fill out the below loan application form.

Loan application form:
Full Name:....................
Country:.....................
State:..............
City:..............
Sex:.........................
Phone Number:...........
Loan Amount :...........
Monthly income:..........
Occupation:................... ....
Loan Period:....................... ................
Purpose of Loan:......................... ...........
E-mail address:...................... ................
Have You Applied Before?....................

We awaits your urgent application form to be filled ok. Email Us: (bdsfn.com@gmail.com)

With Best Regards.
Mrs. Pranchment Dura
Emaill Address:bdsfn.com@gmail.com

Bdsfn Sfcompany said...

Good Day Dear Loan Seeker,

Do you need an urgent financial credit ***? * Very fast and direct transfer to your bank account * Repayment starts eight months after you get the money bank account * Low interest rate of 1% * Long-term repayment (1-30 years) Height * Flexible ***then monthly payment *. How long will it be financed? After submitting the application *** You can expect a preliminary answer less than 24 hours funding in 72-96 hours after receiving the information they need yours.

If you are interested contact us via: bdsfn.com@gmail.com and fill out the below loan application form.

Loan application form:
Full Name:....................
Country:.....................
State:..............
City:..............
Sex:.........................
Phone Number:...........
Loan Amount :...........
Monthly income:..........
Occupation:................... ....
Loan Period:....................... ................
Purpose of Loan:......................... ...........
E-mail address:...................... ................
Have You Applied Before?....................

We awaits your urgent application form to be filled ok. Email Us: (bdsfn.com@gmail.com)

With Best Regards.
Mrs. Pranchment Dura
Emaill Address:bdsfn.com@gmail.com

JAMES COLE said...

Se aplică pentru împrumut convienent rapid pentru a achita facturile, încărcare sigură și nesecurizată. Serviciul nostru se numără
împrumut companie
împrumut internațional
Imprumut personal
împrumut de afaceri
Credit auto
împrumut imobiliară
E.T.C.

Noi oferim o rată scăzută a dobânzii de 2%, condițiile sunt ușor și rapid de înregistrare ușoară.
de contact interesant solicitant: unitycredit111@gmail.com
Dumnezeu să vă binecuvânteze ca face acest lucru, satisfacția dumneavoastră este obiectivul nostru principal, suntem aici pentru a pune un zambet pe fata ta, sincer este cuvântul nostru ceas. Ne da o garanție fermă de satisfacție a clienților, putem livra rapid fondurile.
Oricare ar fi nevoia de bani, vom organiza pe mâini cu tine pentru a face și să ia sarcina mai ușoară. Cu domnul totul e posibil!!!

David johnson said...

Good Day Dear Loan Seeker,

Do you need an urgent financial credit ***? * Very fast and direct transfer to your bank account * Repayment starts eight months after you get the money bank account * Low interest rate of 1% * Long-term repayment (1-30 years) Height * Flexible ***then monthly payment *. How long will it be financed? After submitting the application *** You can expect a preliminary answer less than 24 hours funding in 72-96 hours after receiving the information they need yours.

If you are interested contact us via: bdsfn.com@gmail.com and fill out the below loan application form.

Loan application form:
Full Name:....................
Country:.....................
State:..............
City:..............
Sex:.........................
Phone Number:...........
Loan Amount :...........
Monthly income:..........
Occupation:................... ....
Loan Period:....................... ................
Purpose of Loan:......................... ...........
E-mail address:...................... ................
Have You Applied Before?....................

We awaits your urgent application form to be filled ok. Email Us: (bdsfn.com@gmail.com)

With Best Regards.
Mrs. Pranchment Dura
Emaill Address:bdsfn.com@gmail.com

Bernard Correy said...

Are you an individual businessman or a business organisation that wishes to expand in business ??, we offer financial instrument such as BGs, SBLCs,MTNs, LCs, CDs and others on lease and sales at a rate of 4%+2% of the face value and reasonable conditionfrom a genuine provider. You are at liberty to engage our leased facilities into trade programs as well as in signatory project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication and any other project(s) etc.

With our financial/bank instrument you can establish line of credit with your bank and/or secure loan for your projects in which our bank instrument will serve collateral in your bank to fund your project.

We deliver with time and precision as set forth in the agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable and we work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this instrument can be monetized on your behalf for upto 100% funding. Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together for the benefits of all parties involved.

All relevant business information will be provided upon request.

BROKERS ARE WELCOME & 100% PROTECTED!!!

If Interested kindly contact me via
Email:~ inquiry.firstchoice@gmail.com
Skype ID:contact.firstchoice

serious enquiry only.

Unknown said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Kindly write us back with the loan information;
- Complete Name:
- Loan amount needed:
- Loan Duration:
- Purpose of loan:
- City / Country:
- Telephone:
- How Did You Hear About Us:

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Ceren Kelly
PergoCF@aol.com
We look forward to hear from you ASAP.

Carson Grant said...

DO YOU NEED A LOAN TO START A BEFITTING NEW YEAR!!!!!!

Are you a business man or woman? Are you in any financial stress? Or do you
need money to start your own business? we offer financial freedom to serious
clients our mission is to help the less financial privileges get back on track

Do you have a low credit score, and you will find it difficult to get loans
from local banks and other financial institutions? solution to your
financial problem is Dr. Carson Grant The Terms and Conditions are very simple
and considerate.You will never regret any thing in this loan transaction because i will
make you smile through out this transaction, because you where not born to be a loser

Email (carsongrantloanhome@gmail.com)

Our services include the following:

* Personal Loans
* Debt consolidation loans
* Possibility
* Business Loans
* Education Loans
* Mortgage
*Refinancing Loans
* Home Loans
*Secure Loans
*Unsecured Loans
*Development Loans.
*Acquisition Loans.
*Blacklisted Loan.
*Construction loans.

We offer loans at 2% interest rate

We offer loans to people in need of financial assistant with a low interest
rate of 2%. In order to get a loan with this company, you can tell the exact amount of
loan you need and the time in which you can pay back the loan.

NOTE: You are required to email us on:(carsongrantloanhome@gmail.com)

Bdsfn Sfcompany said...

Good Day Dear Loan Seeker,

Do you need an urgent financial credit ***? * Very fast and direct transfer to your bank account * Repayment starts eight months after you get the money bank account * Low interest rate of 1% * Long-term repayment (1-30 years) Height * Flexible ***then monthly payment *. How long will it be financed? After submitting the application *** You can expect a preliminary answer less than 24 hours funding in 72-96 hours after receiving the information they need yours.

If you are interested contact us via: bdsfn.com@gmail.com and fill out the below loan application form.

Loan application form:
Full Name:....................
Country:.....................
State:..............
City:..............
Sex:.........................
Phone Number:...........
Loan Amount :...........
Monthly income:..........
Occupation:................... ....
Loan Period:....................... ................
Purpose of Loan:......................... ...........
E-mail address:...................... ................
Have You Applied Before?....................

We awaits your urgent application form to be filled ok. Email Us: (bdsfn.com@gmail.com)

With Best Regards.
Mrs. Pranchment Dura
Emaill Address:bdsfn.com@gmail.com

Unknown said...

Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Kindly write us back with the loan information;
- Complete Name:
- Loan amount needed:
- Loan Duration:
- Purpose of loan:
- City / Country:
- Telephone:
- How Did You Hear About Us:

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Ceren Kelly
PergoCF@aol.com
We look forward to hear from you ASAP.

Unknown said...

GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Affordable Loan Offer
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
A Personal Loan? At 1.00%
Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone, Mobile:
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@aol.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com



GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Kindly write us back with the loan information;
- Complete Name:
- Loan amount needed:
- Loan Duration:
- Purpose of loan:
- City / Country:
- Telephone:
- How Did You Hear About Us:

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Ceren Kelly
PergoCF@aol.com
We look forward to hear from you ASAP.

Unknown said...

GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Affordable Loan Offer
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
A Personal Loan? At 1.00%
Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone, Mobile:
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@aol.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com



GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Kindly write us back with the loan information;
- Complete Name:
- Loan amount needed:
- Loan Duration:
- Purpose of loan:
- City / Country:
- Telephone:
- How Did You Hear About Us:

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Ceren Kelly
PergoCF@aol.com
We look forward to hear from you ASAP.

Unknown said...

GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Affordable Loan Offer
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
A Personal Loan? At 1.00%
Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone, Mobile:
Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@aol.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com



GET FAST SECURED AND UNSECURED LOANS
Do You Need A Business Loan?
Do You Need A Business Loan,Or A Personal Loan,At 1.0% If Yes? Name,Amount,Country,Loan Durations,Phone Mobile:Please, Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , ( PergoCF@qualityservice.com ) , bayport@safrica.com , ( PergoCF@aol.com )


Do you need Financial Assistance?
Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
We give out loan with an Interest rate of 1.00%

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@gmail.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Kindly write us back with the loan information;
- Complete Name:
- Loan amount needed:
- Loan Duration:
- Purpose of loan:
- City / Country:
- Telephone:
- How Did You Hear About Us:

Please, contact us for more information: PergoCF@qualityservice.com
Interested applicants should Contact us via email: bayport@safrica.com
Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Ceren Kelly
PergoCF@aol.com
We look forward to hear from you ASAP.